I believe that quantum computing with atoms can serve as a basis for building ultrapowerful superfast computer that use atoms to perform calculations. The link between spatially separated atoms could form the basis of quantum communications. Atoms are the smallest particles of matter that can exist; the ultimate and smallest division of matter. They are separated from each other by void, in which they move. Atoms attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of the masses of the bodies and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

The link between these spatially separated atoms is the mutual force of gravity that draws them together. Gravity is a fundamental property of atoms, which are in perpetual rapid motion, at speed faster than light, which travels at 186,000 miles (300,000 kilometers) per second. The force of gravity carried by atoms act many times faster than the speed of light, almost instantaneously.

I calculate that it takes an atom 3.3 x 10^{-41} seconds to hop across another atom. I consider 3.3 x 10^{-41} seconds to be the minimal quantum of atomic time.

Being the smallest particles of matter that can exist, atoms are infinitesimal particles. They can be given a mass as close to zero as one pleases. I choose to give them a mass of 1x10^{-30} grams, which is about 1000 times smaller than the “U quark,” which has a mass approximately 1x10^{-27} grams. Quantum computers can store and process data on the atoms and transfer information from one atom to another, at speed many times faster than light, almost instantaneous.

On November 1, 2002, American physicists Donald Eigler Heinrich, Christopher Lutz, and Jay Gupta, at the International Business Machines (IBM), created the smallest computer chip ever made, using an innovative new approach involving engineered arrangements of molecules at the intersection of cascades. The molecules move across a thomic surface like toppling dominoes.^{1} It is important to understand that the movements of molecules rise up from its constituent thoms, which are made up of many aggregates of atoms in perpetual rapid motion, such as electrons. The aggregates of atoms become greater in power and force than the single atoms.

I urge researchers to use quantum computing with atoms to serve as the basis for building ultrapowerful superfast computer that use atoms to perform calculations.

**IBM pressroom release**, San Jose, Ca., USA – 24 Oct. 2002.