Six Different Ideas About What the Universe Is Made Of
Published: January 4, 2010


Our natural senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste provide us with evidence that the universe is made up of matter. Matter may be defined as anything that takes up, or occupies, space, has mass, and reacts to gravity, such as trees, rocks, water, air, plants, animals, clouds, stars, and so on. There are six ideas about what the universe is made up of:

  1. matter and nothing else.
  2. matter and void.
  3. matter and spirit.
  4. matter made up of numbers.
  5. matter and ether.
  6. matter and energy.

The idea that the universe is made up of matter and nothing else collapses when we think about the fact that the universe would be a solid motionless mass, which we see is not the case. All the matter in the universe is in motion.

The idea that the universe is made up of both matter and void is certainly true. We know this because the motion of all the matter in the universe requires a void. Matter and void together form the universe.

The idea that the universe is made up of matter and spirit collapses when we think about the fact that spirit is regarded as not being a material thing. The only nonmaterial entity in the universe is the void.

The idea that matter is made up of numbers collapses when we think about the fact that mind. Numbers are not substances that can make up anything.

The idea that the universe is made up of matter and ether collapses when we think about the fact that ether is regarded as being an extremely tenuous and elastic, nonmaterial, medium that’s diffused through all space, and transmits light, electric waves, etc. Nothing can exist which is nonmaterial and is not made up of atoms, except the void. Therefore, ether is not something that really exists. Nothing can fill empty space but matter.

The idea that the universe is made up of matter and energy collapses when we think of the fact that energy is nothing but the activity of matter, or atoms. I will reiterate: Nothing exists but atoms and the void. Energy is neither a content of matter nor a constituent of the universe.

Of the above six ideas about what the universe is made of, the only one that’s correct is the one that says the universe is made up of matter and void. In physics, this theory is known as the theory of Atomism.

This theory explains that all matter can be divided into tiny invisible particles that cannot be further divided, which it calls “atoms.” These particles, it says, are the smallest particles of matter that can exist; the ultimate and smallest division of matter. Since it is impossible for atoms to come into existence out of nothing or pass away into nothing, they are eternal and indestructible. Being the ultimate and smallest division of matter, they are absolutely solid and immutable masses. They vary in size, shape and weight, but not in substance, which cannot be known.

Since the universe is made up of atoms, it has always existed and always will exist. It will change, or undergo gradual atomic transformations, but never end.