Lowest Level of Analysis
Published: March 26, 2009

According to The Theory of Atomism, atoms are the smallest particles of matter that can exist; the ultimate and smallest division of matter. All bodies can be divided into smaller and smaller particles until we reach the atoms. Since it is impossible for atoms to come into existence out of nothing or pass away into nothing, they are eternal and indestructible. In other words, they cannot be created or destroyed. They are the ultimate building blocks of matter. As such, they are enormously useful in making analyses of matter or substances.

In chemistry, analysis is “intentionally produced decomposition or separation of a substance into its ingredients or elements, as to find their kind or quality; hence, the ascertainment of the kind or amount of one or more of the constituents of a substance, whether actually obtained in a separate form or not.”1

It is important to understand that matter or substances cannot be created or destroyed into nothing, but only broken up into constituent atoms. All forms of matter can be understood by describing the properties of the atoms, which possess properties such as size, shape, texture, solidity, weight, motion, gravity, position, arrangement, and repellency.

All atoms have power from their sheer existence, and they are in perpetual motion. This is why every object has “atomic” motion inside it. All of the atoms inside an object move about on their own accord and interact with other atoms. All change in a substance is caused by its atoms re-arranging themselves or separating from each other.

Chemists must understand that if they are to develop an understanding of the nature of a substance at its deepest level, they are required to know the nature of the atoms that form and determine the behavior of its thoms and molecules.


  1. The NEW CENTURY DICTIONARY, volume one (New York: D. APPLETON-CENTURY COMPANY, 1936), p. 44